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What is Dyspraxia?

The word dyspraxia comes from the Greek words dys- meaning 'difficulty' and praxis meaning 'control of movement'.

Dyspraxia is a specific learning difficulty (SpLD) it affects specific aspects of development. Dyspraxia is a motor learning difficulty that can affect planning of movements and co-ordination as a result of brain messages not being accurately transmitted to the body.

Sign and Symptoms of Dyspraxia

Various areas of development can be affected by developmental dyspraxia and these will persist into adulthood.

Symptoms of Dyspraxia in Speech and language :

  • Difficulties controlling the speech organs.
  • Difficulties making speech sounds.
  • Difficulty sequencing sounds within a word or forming words into sentences.
  • Difficulty controlling breathing and phonation.
  • Slow language development.
  • Difficulty with feeding.

Symptoms of Dyspraxia in Fine motor control:

  • Learning basic movement patterns.
  • Developing a desired writing speed.
  • The acquisition of graphemes - e.g. the letters of the Latin alphabet, as well as numbers.
  • Establishing the correct pencil grip.
  • Hand aching while writing.
  • Difficulty with whole body movement, coordination, and body image.
  • Gross motor coordination means that major developmental targets including walking, running, climbing and jumping can be affected. The difficulties vary between individuals and can include poor timing, poor balance (sometimes even falling over in mid-step).
  • Tripping over one's own feet is also common, difficulty combining movements into a controlled sequence, problems with spatial awareness, or proprioception.
  • Some people with dyspraxia have trouble picking up and holding onto simple objects such as picking pencils and things up, owing to poor muscle tone and or proprioception.
  • This disorder can cause an individual to be clumsy to the point of knocking things over and bumping into people accidentally.
  • Some people with dyspraxia have difficulty in determining left from right.
  • Cross-laterality, ambidexterity, and a shift in the preferred hand are also common in people with dyspraxia.
  • People with dyspraxia may also have trouble determining the distance between them and other objects.

Solutions and Resources:

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